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Kilmainham

What’s important?

The longest stage of the visitor journey runs from St James’s Gate to Kilmainham. Rather than keep to the main trajectory of the ancient highway the route heads north towards the river along Steevens’ Lane to approach Kilmainham at its eastern entrance at Military Road and exiting through the Richmond Gate to terminate this stage of the journey at the Irish War Memorial Gardens at Inchicore. This stage takes in some of the most important institutional and cultural sites in the City; – Dr. Steevens’ Hospital, St. Patrick’s Hospital, the Royal Hospital Kilmainham, Kilmainham Gaol and Kilmainham Courthouse.

‘Although Kilmainham and Inchicore have medieval origins, it is the institutions of the 18th and 19th centuries and the transportation network of the same period that have formed the natural boundaries in which both villages developed. Historical maps of Dublin show Kilmainham at the City’s edge. Development in the 18th century was along St.James’s Street and Bow Lane West, as far as Cromwell Steps. The Royal Hospital Kilmainham and Dr. Steevens’ Hospital formed the beginnings of an “institutional precinct”. The “New Canal” defined the southern boundary. Ordnance Survey maps of the mid 19th century show the further development of this institutional precinct with the inclusion of Kilmainham Goal and Courthouse.

The north boundary is formed by the new railway line and Inchicore village is more defined. A railway housing estate was designed near Inchicore village. Victorian expansion ends at the junction of the South Circular Road at Inchicore and Kilmainham Lane, with some further expansion along Inchicore Road.’I

  1. Dublin City Council, Dublin Through the Ages Kilmainham and Inchicore

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